Before we dive in...
Firstly, we are so glad to see you here, and we hope we can answer all of the questions you might have.
As we all know, knowledge is power.
When it comes to our beloved pets, the last thing we want to be doing is guessing.
With so many options, it's tough to know which ones are quality and safe.
If you have any specific questions throughout this Ebook, please feel free to reach out to us at - email@example.com, and we will happily answer any of your questions.
We will dive in the most frequently asked questions, what is safe vs unsafe, dosage amounts, what is considered a quality oil & how to prevent being scammed.
Please note all of the information in this guide regarding dosage recommendations and safety precautions for your pets have been confirmed by a fully qualified Vet.
Please always advise with your personal vet before trying CBD with your pet.
Is CBD Safe for animals?
CBD, in its pure state, appears to be safe and well-tolerated by animals, according to a 2017 World Health Organization report.
Recent evidence shows that CBD is safe, non-toxic, and non-addictive and safe for animals — including horses, dogs, cats, rabbits, chinchillas, hamsters and hedgehogs.
ESC & CB1 + CB2 RECEPTORS
Within the ECS, there are two different cannabinoid receptors.
CB1 Receptors: Mostly concentrated in the central nervous system. Primarily influences cognitive functions like appetite regulation and emotional processing.
CB2 Receptors: Mostly concentrated in the peripheral nervous system. Primarily influences symptoms like inflammation and pain.
CBD works to support the body’s functionality through indirect communication with the ECS. As CBD interacts with the CB1 and CB2 receptors, it works to balance out the ECS and support the body’s ability to bind with cannabinoids.
If your dog is suffering from health issues, CBD can help their ECS restore equilibrium to naturally manage the symptoms.
Dosage & Amounts
CBD is a powerful product and it doesn’t take much to support the ECS. The perfect CBD serving size for your dog depends on a couple key factors: Your pets weight & the strength of CBD.
Your dog’s weight.The mg of CBD in the product. CBD is generally a safe compound, but you need to take extra caution to check your specific product for the exact instructions for serving sizes.
As we know, the strength of CBD will vary from supporting different conditions. It was found by Cornell university that 2mg/kg twice daily ws found to relive the pain of dogs thatsuffered from osteoarthritis.
McGrath, a neurologist at Colorado State University's James L. Voss Veterinary Teaching Hospital, led a small study with 16 pet dogs to assess the short-term effect of CBD on seizure frequency.
Based on her research, McGrath found that 89 percent of dogs who received CBD in the clinical trial had a reduction in the frequency of seizures. Nine dogs were treated with CBD, while seven in a control group were treated with a placebo.
The research took place from 2016 to 2017, and results are published in the June 1 issue of the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.
According to Dr. Cornelia Wagner of Hawthorne Veterinary Clinic in Oregon, it is important to start any pet’s treatment with the lowest possible amount. In her opinion, stick to 0.05mg of CBD per kilogram per day. Therefore, if your dog weighs 20kg (44 pounds), no more than 40mg per day to begin.
Make sure you monitor your pet and watch for negative side effects such as excessive excitement or sedation, vomiting or disorientation. If you don’t see any of these effects, it is likely your pet now has a tolerance and you can gradually increase the dosage every five days or so. Keep these increases to 0.05mg per kilogram a day.
What to look for when buying CBD?
When buying CBD oil, there are a growing amount of options to chose between. But beware, some aren't what they say they are.
Many brands have used the term "Hemp extract" and put a hefty price tag on it to make you think it contains CBD.
However, if you look at the contents and all it says is "Hemp Seed Oil," you know you are getting ripped off.
Another thing you want to be looking for its potency.
With higher strength will typically come a higher price tag.
But as we know, based on the study above, 2mg per kg of weight twice daily is required to notice a difference in pain reduction.
The results you get from CBD will also vary from dog to dog, as not every dog is the same. Some may require less, and it is up to you to try different dosage amounts to find what works for them.
Another thing you also need to be aware of is the extraction method used. There are four main extraction methods, some much safer than others. It is very important to check how it's been extracted to ensure your dog is getting the highest possible quality oil.
Also, check the comapny has Third Test Results. This will indicate how safe the oils are based on confirming the Potency, Heavy Metals, Pesticides used when growing & chemical residues left over when extracting (if they used ethanol extraction)
What does third party testing look like?
This is a potency test, this tells you what cannabinoids the oil contains. This is what you need to be looking at to confirm the prospective oil doesnt contain THC.
Heavy metals & pesticides can be extremely toxic for dogs.If you are not careful when purchasing CBD oil, if it has not been extracted safely or grown in safe conditions. You could be poisoningyour dog.
Don't be afriad to ask companies for these results. If they dont give them to you, you can alsmot guarentee either they havent tested (so they cant confirm its safe for your pet) or they dont want you knowing the results. Which again, more than likely will prove to you you cannot trust thier oils.
CBD For Dogs
Owners are administering CBD products for their dogs either to help their furry friends achieve overall wellness or for medicinal purposes.
Many manufacturers of CBD products for dogs espouse the use of CBD in addressing various symptoms such as allergies, cancer, epilepsy, situational stress, arthritis, lack of appetite, skin conditions, and chronic pain.
CBD is given to dogs for medicinal purposes such as severe arthritis and joint pain, symptoms related to cancers, tumors, epileptic seizures, extreme anxiety, nausea, vomiting, conditions that impede mobility, and chronic pain.It is worth noting that high doses (ranging from “strong” to “maximum” levels) of CBD oil products are typically warranted for medicinal purposes.
To calculate the dosage for medicinal purposes such as relieving arthritic pain or seizures, the number of milligrams (mg) of CBD that must be given should correspond to the pet’s weight.The medicinal CBD dosage rule of thumb is to give 0.5 milligrams of CBD for every Kilogram (kg).
Dosing frequency varies among CBD manufacturers, but most of them recommend giving CBD to dogs: every eight hours or as needed to control pain and inflammation.
At least 30 minutes before the event (fireworks, leaving home, or going to a noisy and crowded place) to control anxiety once to twice daily for all other uses.
CBD Supports Homeostasis In Dogs
Here are the qualities of CBD oil as a homeostasis agent:
Antioxidants and terpenes: CBD oil has antioxidant properties and terpenes, eliminating free radicals in the body that cause different diseases. Terpenes are natural flavors with receptor profiles that interact with other receptors to promote a healthy heart and other organs. Eliminating free radicals lessens the risks of cancer, heart, and other diseases resulting from oxidative stress.
CBD oil promotes cell renewal and growth - CBD oil plays a significant role in creating new cells and cells' growth, especially in the brain. Studies have confirmed the efficacy of CBD compounds in neurological degenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's. Starting early with CBD oil for your furry friend prevents degenerative symptoms such as brain cell death.
CBD oil helps in keeping our dogs’ heart, liver and pancreas healthy - CBD receptors work with immune, cardiovascular, liver, and pancreas receptors for optimum function – blood circulation, preventing oxidative stress, releasing, absorption of insulin, and immune response to inflammation and cell healing.
CBD oil keeps your dog psychologically balanced, relaxed and calm - Anxiety and depression are the prime reasons for behavioral problems. These problems are addressed with training and activities, also supplemented by medication as needed.
CBD oil’s antidepressant quality - Uplifts the mood and keeps the puppy relaxed even when there are stressors present such as loud noises from cars and doorbells, strangers (guests), and being home alone for the whole day.
How to choose the right one for your dog?
First, you need ton consider what you are wanting it for.
Is it for therapeutic use, pain management, arthritis support, anxiety support, or maybe it's something a little more severe like preventing/stopping a tumor growth on your dog?
For each condition, it will require a different amount of CBD. Some oils you will find are 150mg, 300mg, 600mg, 900mg, 1000mg and sometimes even 1,800mg. If it is just for therapeutic usage only, you will be fine with a much smaller dosage amount.
However, if it is for something more severe, like pain management, Cornell University did that to see any pain reduction results, it needs to be 2mg/kg twice daily.
If your pet weighs 20kg and is suffering from osteoarthritis pain, you would need to give them 40mg in the morning and 40mg in the afternoon. Totally 80mg a day, if you only bought a CBD oil that was 300mg. It wouldn't last you very long, and chances are it will still be expensive.
Companies make a lot of money off your lack of knowledge around the topic. HOWEVER, everyone's pets ECS is different, so you will need trial and error. Maybe they need more; perhaps you can get away with giving a slightly smaller dosage. This is just evidence based on a study they had performed.
We only have studied CBD & cancer/tumors (at the moment) based on human consumption. This link is beneficial regarding the number of studies done, and you can make up your mind from there based on what you learn in this Ebook. However, consulting with a Holistic Vet when using CBD as a cancer treatment will be much more effective.
Going from Canna-sceptic to a Canna-believer
Like most people, your first experience with Cannabis was more than likely offering a joint that is high in THC among other chemicals.
Most people believe that Cannabis of any kind gets you "high."
However, out of the hundreds of compounds found in the Cannabis Sativa plant, the only one to get you high is THC.
As more and more research was emerging (when they started to allow it), endless amounts of studies showed significant benefits.
There was a study recently done at Cornell University on the Osteoarthritis pain relief for dogs.
Results: Pharmacokinetics revealed an elimination half-life of 4.2 h at both doses and no observable side effects. Clinically, canine brief pain inventory and Hudson activity scores showed a significant decrease in pain and increased activity (p < 0.01) with CBD oil. The veterinary assessment showed decreased pain during CBD treatment (p< 0.02). Owners reported no side effects.
In short, the trials revealed that dogs that were taking 2mg/kg twice daily showed a significant reduction in pain caused by Osteoarthritis.
There are SO MANY factors that come into play when using CBD oil. The spectrum you use, the potency, the extraction method, and what cannabinoids it contains.
The different types of CBD oils
You can buy three types of CBD oils, CBD Isolate, Full spectrum & Broad spectrum.
CBD isolate is 99% pure CBD and lacks many of the other plant materials. It does not smell and is tasteless, unlike full-spectrum CBD products, which smell to varying degrees slightly due to the earthy terpenes. Isolate is generally a less effective substance because it lacks the other plant chemicals contributing to the Entourage Effect. (more on this later)
CBD full-spectrum products are made from strains of the cannabis plant that fall into the hemp category. Still, they contain other cannabinoids and terpenes in the full extract, meaning they have at least some entourage effect level. This is also called "herbal synergy," where the plant chemicals all work together to act on your dog's endocannabinoid system to a greater extent than CBD alone does.
A study done on mice revealed that CBD full spectrum was superior to CBD Isolate in reducing pain & inflammation.
Broad-spectrum oil products are "THC FREE"- i.e., 0.00% THC (filtered out) - but still retained at least some of the other plant chemicals cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. There is 0% chance this oil will get your dog "high."
Broad or Full-Spectrum are normally recommended. However always check the THC levels if you are getting a Full-Spectrum Oil.
The different kinds of extraction methods
The CO2 Extraction method uses supercritical carbon dioxide to pull phytochemicals from cannabis plants. Supercritical materials are not quite a liquid but not quite a gas and possess the properties of both. This state is ideal for plant extraction because supercritical CO2 can move through materials like gas and dissolve materials like a liquid.
CO2 EXTRACTION PROS: Safe when done by professionals- CO2 is used in countless food products and is perfectly safe for consumptionYields high-quality CBD- machines leave very little room for error.
CO2 EXTRACTION CONS: Not for novice chemists- it’s best to leave this method to the professionals
OLIVE OIL EXTRACTION
This technique results in cannabis-infused oil, not pure cannabis extract.
OLIVE OIL EXTRACTION PROS: Easy- This is by far the easiest extraction method and is a popular home option.
OLIVE OIL EXTRACTION CONS:Low Yields- This method produces low yields of heavily diluted CBD.
This simple extraction method works by using ethanol as a solvent to remove extracts from cannabis plant trimmings.
SOLVENT EXTRACTION PROS: Inexpensive- This method doesn’t require any fancy machinery.Simple- This method is pretty straightforward and can even be done at home.
SOLVENT EXTRACTION CONS: Dangerous- Ethanol is extremely flammable.Could Damage CBD- Ethanol could potentially denature the CBD if overheated or overmixed.
ICE WATER EXTRACTION
Ice water extraction creates a powdery resin extract often referred to as “hash” or “bubble hash.”
ICE WATER EXTRACTION PROS: Inexpensive- Again, no fancy machinery needed!High Yield- If done correctly, this method produces a relatively large amount of plant extract.
ICE WATER EXTRACTION CONS: Not always practical- This method can be labor intensive and time consuming.